Overview of Paid Family and Medical Leave Laws in the US

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Paid family and medical leave (PFML) refers to partially or fully compensated time away from work for specific and generally significant family caregiving needs, such as the arrival of a new child or serious illness of a close family member, or an employee’s own serious medical needs. In general, day-to-day needs for leave to attend to family matters.



  • Paid family leave allows workers to take time off in order to care for ill family members or a new child. It is also known as “family caregiver leave” and “family leave insurance.”
  • Paid medical leave is for taking time off for one’s own serious illness or injury. It is also known as “temporary disability insurance” and “short-term disability.”



Below you will find the PFML guidance by state, in the form of frequently asked questions. The specifics of the PFML policies are offered by each of the nine states (California, Colorado, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Washington – including the District of Columbia).


Paid Family and Medical Leave Law Guidance



Clients wishing for additional information on the PFML, please contact your Guardian HR dedicated Manager.


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